Abstract: This study examines if COVID-19 has worsened socio-economic inequalities across provinces in Indonesia, and if it has effected the spatial disparity in provincial-level socio-economic indicators. Secondary provincial level data are used from BPS for March 2015 to March 2020. Results indicate that provinces with more COVID-19 cases tend to has increased inequality in urban areas, but inequality in rural areas decreases, as measured by the Gini Index. Also, provinces with many COVID-19 cases tend to has a decrease in their poverty headcount ratios. Thus, COVID-19 may has various implications on the spatial inequality of the Gini Index and poverty headcount ratio.
COVID-19 and Socio-Economic Inequalities in Indonesia: A Subnational-level Analysis
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